本文标题:夏季养生知识,别只知吃瓜!夏天一定要吃水中四宝,排毒祛湿、降三高。_。本文主要介绍夏季养生知识,别只知吃瓜!夏天一定要吃水中四宝,排毒祛湿、降三高。内容,同时包含相关资讯。我们致力于提供最优质的!--{$article.title}-->_内容。

夏季养生知识,别只知吃瓜!夏天一定要吃水中四宝,排毒祛湿、降三高。

夏季养生知识,别只知吃瓜!夏天一定要吃水中四宝,排毒祛湿、降三高。

提到夏季养生食物,很多人首先想到的是西瓜、苦瓜或绿豆,但有一类食物常常被忽视,那就是生长在水里的“四宝”——茭白、莲藕、芡实、菱角,它们岁默默无闻藏在水里,但是卓越的养生功效却藏不住。

水中第一宝

1

茭白:排毒防癌

茭白有清热生津、利尿除湿的功效,非常适合吃茭白,有助祛暑降温,还能降脂延缓衰老。

茭白的营养价值也特别高,除了富含多种维生素和矿物质外,其膳食纤维含量也不低,膳食纤维可加快食物残渣的排空速度,缩短有毒物质在肠道内滞留的时间,促进它们排泄,对预防大肠癌极为有效。

茭白含有较多的草酸,烹调之前最好先焯一下,以去除草酸。茭白的烹饪方式有很多,可切成丝、片、丁、块,供凉拌、爆炒、烧烩、蒸炖及烧汤、煮羹,或荤或素,做成各式佳肴。

推荐吃法

肉炒茭白

食材:茭白、肉、青椒、大蒜、盐

做法:

1、茭白洗净切丝备用;肉切丝备用;

2、先下肥肉榨出油,再下瘦肉炒熟,加盐翻炒均匀,加入青椒、炒一会,再入茭白、盐翻炒至熟,加调料出锅。

水中第二宝

2

莲藕:降脂降糖

藕在《本草纲目》中被称为“灵根”,天热吃点脆甜的藕片,不仅开胃爽口,还有清火润燥的功效。

莲藕含有丰富的维生素B,有助于缓解疲劳、促进新陈代谢和消化,其还含有维生素C、钙、铁等无机盐,具有抗氧化作用的多酚类物质。

莲藕富含膳食纤维及黏蛋白,热量却不高,因而能控制体重,有助降低血糖、三酸甘油脂和胆固醇水平,促进肠蠕动,预防便祕及痔疮。

古籍说:“藕汁,能消瘀血不散。”所以将莲藕生食或捣汁和酒服,能破血化瘀,消肿解毒。中医认为其止血而不留瘀的食疗佳品。

推荐吃法

莲藕排骨汤

食材:排骨500克、莲藕2~3节

做法:

1、莲藕切成块,排骨用水焯过,全都放入砂锅,大火煮开,转小火;

2、煲煮大约1个小时后,加入调料即可。

凉拌藕片

食材:脆藕1节,香菜2根,蒜末1匙,香油、盐、味精、醋、糖、酱油、辣椒油各适量。

做法:藕切片,焯水后过凉水,滤干水分备用。去以上调料各适量拌匀,淋在藕片上即可。

水中第三宝

3

芡实:健脾祛湿

芡实又称“鸡头米”“鸡头”,能健脾祛湿、固肾止泻,且有“补而不峻”“防燥不腻”的优势。芡实有很好的促消化、健脾胃作用,非常适合容易食欲不振的夏季食用。

鲜芡实或干芡实泡水后可直接嚼服,也可熬粥、煲汤或与莲子、山药、白扁豆等食物一同食用。值得注意的是,芡实无论是生食还是熟食,一次切忌食之过多,否则难以消化。

祛湿大多数人只知道薏米,但薏米性寒,不像芡实,既能祛湿又能健脾。据说,苏轼天天吃煮熟的芡实,到老依然身健体壮、面色红润、思维敏捷。

推荐吃法

芡实银耳汤

食材:芡实250克、银耳一小朵、莲子少量、枸杞少量、冰糖少量

做法:将所有材料洗净,水开之后除枸杞外全部食材倒入,大约煮一个半小时即可,即将出锅放枸杞和冰糖即可。

祛湿三宝粥

食材:红豆、薏米、芡实各30克

做法:

1、红豆、薏米、芡实提前浸泡8小时;

2、把食材放入锅中,加入适量的水,大火烧开后转中小火继续煮至开花;

3、起锅前加入冰糖搅拌溶均匀即可。

水中第四宝

4

菱角:消暑解热

菱角含有丰富的淀粉、蛋白质,味道甘香。其味甘性凉,有健脾胃之效。胃口欠佳者,可以吃一点菱角。

生吃时选择外皮鲜红色、有光泽、较嫩的为好,能清热祛暑;颜色发黑的菱角可蒸熟或熬粥食用,既可充当粮食,还补脾胃,老年人常食有益,但要注意食用过多易腹胀。

需要提醒的是,菱角淀粉含量较高,如果大量吃这类蔬菜的同时不减少主食,会增加热量摄入,容易导致肥胖。

推荐吃法

菱角粥

食材:大米、菱角粉、红糖

做法:

大米100克,煮粥,煮至半熟时,加入菱角粉30~60克,同煮熟;用适量红糖调味食用。

菱角焖肉

食材:菱角300克、猪肉100克、香菇6朵

做法:

1、菱角去膜用盐洗净,香菇泡发切丝,猪肉切片,葱切粒;

2、锅放油爆香香菇,葱粒,加入猪肉炒匀盛出待用;

3、炒锅放油将菱角过一下油,再加入适量水煮至菱角熟,再加入炒好的香菇,葱粒和猪肉,沙茶酱炒匀即可。

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